Lung and Colon Cancer

Lung Cancer

Prevention of Lung Cancer

Lung cancer kills more men than any other cancer worldwide. The vast majority of all lung cancer cases in men are related to smoking. Avoid cigarette smoke, including second-hand smoke. If you smoke cigarettes, stop.

Avoid exposure to environmental pollutants such as asbestos, arsenic, radon and air pollution. Eat well; a diet rich in natural antioxidants such as plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables may have some protective benefits. Make sure you get at least five portions of fresh fruit and vegetables a day. Keep your alcohol consumption within safe limits.

How Is Lung Cancer Diagnosed?

In addition to a complete medical history and a physical examination, procedures used to diagnose lung cancer may include the following:

  • A chest x-ray – to look for any mass or spot on the lungs
  • Bronchoscopy – this is where a thin flexible tube with a good light source is put into the main tubes of the lungs. This test helps to evaluate and diagnose lung problems, assess blockages and obtain samples of tissue and/or fluid.
  • A CAT scan is sometimes used; this can show detailed images of any part of the body tretinoin cream canada and is much more detailed than an x-ray.
  • Sputum cytology – the study of phlegm (spit) cells under a microscope.
  • Needle biopsy – this is where a sample of the mass is removed and evaluated under a microscope. This can help determine which type of lung cancer you have.
  • Other types of scan such as MRI scans, bone scans or PET scans may be needed to determine if the cancer has spread from where it started into other areas of the body.

Treatment for Lung Cancer

Surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy may all be used in the treatment of lung cancer. Surgical removal is the treatment of choice if this is possible. Sometimes this can be done successfully. However, if there are multiple tumours or if the tumour is too close to the big blood vessels in the lungs, then non-surgical options need to be considered, including radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. Some types of lung cancer are more susceptible to chemotherapy than others. This is a decision that your cancer specialist will help you with, taking account not only of your individual medical history, but also your own preferences and wishes.

Colon Cancer and Canadian online pharmacy

Colon cancer (also known as bowel cancer or colorectal cancer) is the second most common cancer in Irish men. About 1,800 cases are diagnosed in Ireland each year and the average lifetime risk for men is about 3 per cent. Colon cancer is both preventable and curable. It can be prevented by removing pre-can cancerous colon polyps (see below). It can be cured if it is found early and surgically removed before it spreads to other parts of the body. However, colon cancer remains a major cause of death and disease in Irish men. The rates of colon cancer are predicted to increase by 50 per cent by the year 2020. Early detection of colon cancer can improve the chances of a cure and overall survival.